Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum. They are native to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia and are commonly used as a spice. Cloves are commercially harvested primarily in Bangladesh, Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, andTanzania. Cloves are available throughout the year.
The most significant chemical found in Cloves is eugenol, which provides Cloves with their extraordinary medicinal value. Eugenol is a potent anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal agent which may be twice as effective as traditional antifungal medications. Eugenol a powerful fat-soluble antioxidant may support healthy blood circulation by lowering the levels of fat peroxide in red blood cells, keeping the body's antioxidant enzymes at healthy levels. In the USA, the eugenol extracted from cloves is often used in dentistry to ease discomfort during root canal and temporary filling procedures due to its mild anesthetic and antiseptic capabilities. The component beta-caryophyllene is also found in Cloves adding to their anesthetic ability. Clove oil is often found in over-the-counter sore throat sprays and mouthwashes due to its natural antiseptic and analgesic qualities.